This era in Western Europe is referred to as the early modern European period and includes the Protestant Reformationthe European wars of religionthe Age of Discovery and the beginning of European colonialismthe rise of strong centralized governments, the beginnings of recognizable nation-states that are the direct antecedents of today's states, the Age of Enlightenmentand from the associated scientific advances the first phase of the Industrial Revolution. The emergence of cultural and political dominance of the Western world during this period is known as the Great Divergence.
Africans start shipping directly from Africa to other countries. Slaves being captured by Portuguese to be shipped.
Slave Trade Size - During this time period, 12 million slaves were traded with million surviving the trip. Most the the trade intensified after the 16th century.
Portuguese begin establishing factories on the coast of Africa - mainly El Mina These establishments allowed the Portuguese to establish control with few personnel Portuguese missionary efforts to convert African kingdoms to Christianity.
Missionary efforts trying to convert African children to Christianity. Portuguese begin to hire African artists Although Africans were viewed as slaves, the Portuguese came to admire the artwork created by them.
They hired artists from various regions from Benin, Sierra Leone, and Kongo. These objects of arts created by them ended up in collections of nobles and kings in Europe.
Crafts like masks were created as decoration for the royal court In return for slaves, African states begin receiving rifles to agree with terms.
Slave Rebellions start Beginning as early asslaves began to rebel against the treatment and labor they receive. Africans ran away or plotted rebellions against their owners to escape the harsh conditions in which they lived.
Slaves who were tired of their work began to rebel against their owners. Portuguese begin establishing "licenses" and "asientos" The licenses and asientos meant the state monopoly on the import of the Africans were passed to private hands. Slave trade begins to grow increasingly popular As plantations in the Americas, especially Brazil, began to grow and slaves were becoming necessary, slave trade grew popular.
This caused other European countries to compete for control of the slave trade. Europeans sailing to Africa in attempt to capture slaves for revenue.
Portuguese establish Luanda colony in Angola Luanda, being the basis for the first Portuguese colony in Angola, allowed the Portuguese to exert their power and show that they were going to stay.
This motive was primarily commercial and military, although missionary efforts were on the side. Fall of Songhay Songhay was an empire which covered a large area of the western savanna.
Despite its large size, Songhay was defeated by a Moroccan invasion which led to instability of the empire and eventually, its fall. Despite covering a large amount of land, Songhay eventually fell due to invasion.•North America (fur trade-Hudson River, New Amsterdam) •Caribbean islands for plantations •Capetown, South Africa – way station •Southeast Asia – spice trade (nutmeg, cloves and pepper) Gender and Empire •How might colonial A WORLD OF EMPIRES CE.
No other era is as easy to summarize as the EARLY MODERN () era.
This is the era the Europeans "wake-up", expand, and build empires. Americas Notes Be careful - there were several errors in the printout handed out in class & make sure that when you are filling in your class notes - correct any area were the text of the slides does not match your handout - you will notices that some of the handout wordings don't make sense.
Exploration and North America STUDY. PLAY. Protestant work ethic.
way of life based on Biblical teaching that God expects all men to work and all work is a noble duty to be performed toward God. Dutch East India Company. A company founded by the Dutch in the early 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout Asia. Richer and.
During the ’s to ’s the Americas were evolving at a constant rate. The slave trade and the use trade such as the triangular trade were very common during this time-period due to the rise in plantations, causing a diverse region in South America.
Vetting is the process which aims to authenticate works of art and antiques. Every object available for purchase at The Winter Show is vetted for authenticity, date and condition by a committee of experts from the United States and Europe.