What makes him conclude this?
No one dies Sartre's Situation theatre Sartre called this sort of theatre "situation theatre".
This special kind of theatre is also closely related to his existentialistic philosophy. Everyone has the freedom to become anything he wants, regardless of wealth, social class, mental illness, god and so on. Of course, if you are not so rich and live in a poor social class it might be harder, but it is still your own decision whether you want to change your situation or leave it be as it is.
There is a nice catch-phrase of Sartre: The act is very important, because you create your own life and shape it as you want Existence precedes essence sartre to be.
This might sound quite egoistic and asocial, but we will come to this point later. During a situation you have to decide on a choice. And by deciding a choice, you consequently shape yourself and become responsible for what you have chosen. In Garcin's, Inez' and Estelle's situation this is not possible anymore.
Their life is over and they cannot do any corrections to it anymore. They are isolated in a room and dead.
The only thing they can do is to look at their "result" of their life. And because everyone has done something cruel in their lifes, they are damned to torture themselves forever without any hope for an amendment. Analysis of the play "Huis Clos" No Exit: Philosophical Base A glance into Sartrean existentialism.
Freedom and Responsibility Freedom of choice: We have already had this before. Everyone has the freedom to chose. This is not influenced by psychology, god, destiny, social milieu etc.
According to Sartre, there is no general ethics according to Kant. Everyone shapes his own values and morality. Everyone is also burdened with the inevitable responsibility of what they do. Because it affects also other people and so, everyone is responsible for everyone else in the most extreme case [in a more likely case this would be friends, family, other people affected by decisions].
There are no excuses for making a mistake like it was supposed to happen or: I stole something, because I am poor etc. Existence precedes Essence Since there is no creator in athistic existentialism there is also no predetermined plan for humans.
One could think that our existence would be pointless if there is no plan for us already or someone telling us what the point of our existence is. In existentialism, one has to create his "essence" or "meaning" in life first.
There is no excuses for being too lazy and even then you shape your life by being lazy although this is most probably going to be a failed life.
One consciously decides who he wants to be. This is of course a very active and conscious lifestyle. This leads us to our next point. Our consciousness allows us to realize our freedom. We would not be free without knowing we are free and can therefore actively decide and not be driven by instincts like animals.
Sartre called this consciousness in humans "pour soi". The human is "pour soi". A rock, for example, does not think of the world nor does he think at all.
That's why the rock is "en soi".Existence Precedes Essence According to metaphysics, essence precedes existence.
This means that any object, if it has to come into existence its idea should exist in the mind of the creator. - Existentialism is the title of the set of philosophical ideals that emphasizes the existence of the human being, the lack of meaning and purpose in life, and the solitude of human existence.
Existentialism maintains existence precedes essence: This implies that the human being has no essence, no essential self, and is no more that what he is. Sartre slogan of existence precedes essence serve to bring out what is most distinctive of existentialism.
The idea that non-formal account of what it relates to be human, can be given since its meaning is decided and existing by itself. Sartre was born in Paris, France on 21 June His father was Jean-Baptiste Sartre, an officer of the French Navy, who died of a fever when Sartre was only 15 months old; his mother was Anne-Marie Schweitzer, of Alsatian origin and cousin to the German Nobel Peace Prize winner Albert Schweitzer ( - ).
His mother raised him with help from her father, Charles Schweitzer, a high school. Existence Precedes Essence: Understanding Existentialism Posted December 5, by Michael @ Knowledge Lost in Philosophy / 4 Comments When thinking about the term existentialism, a quote by Jean-Paul Sartre may come to mind; “existence precedes essence”.
Originated by Jean-Paul Sartre, the phrase "existence precedes essence" has come to be regarded as a classic, even defining, formulation of the heart of existentialist philosophy. It's an idea that turns traditional metaphysics on its head.