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However, the proposal to promote MacArthur was only at the level of informal discussion by the time World War II ended. Once the atomic bomb became available, General Marshall envisioned using it to support the invasion if sufficient numbers could be produced in time.
Allied command was divided into regions: A unified command was deemed necessary for an invasion of Japan. Interservice rivalry over who it should be the United States Navy wanted Nimitz, but the United States Army wanted MacArthur was so serious that it threatened to derail planning.
Ultimately, the Navy partially conceded, and MacArthur was to be given total command of all forces, if circumstances made it necessary. Prior to the Quebec Conference,a joint British-American planning team produced a plan "Appreciation and Plan for the Defeat of Japan" which did not call for an invasion of the Japanese home islands until — Instead, at the Quebec conference, the Combined Chiefs of Staff agreed that Japan should be forced to surrender not more than one year after Germany's surrender.
They proposed operations to capture airbases in nearby Shanghai, Chinaand Koreawhich would give the United States Army Air Forces a series of forward airbases from which to bombard Japan into submission. They supported mounting a large-scale thrust directly against the Japanese homeland, with none of the side operations that the Navy had suggested.
Ultimately, the Army's viewpoint prevailed. The Allies decided to launch a two-stage invasion.
Airbases would be established, which would give cover for Operation Coronet, the attack on Tokyo Bay. Based on intelligence available early intheir assumptions included the following: That under such circumstances he can possibly amass from 2, to 2, planes in that area by exercise of rigid economy, and that this force can operate against KYUSHU landings by staging through homeland fields.
Operation Coronet was planned to take Tokyo. The combined Allied naval armada would have been the largest ever assembled, including 42 aircraft carriers24 battleshipsand destroyers and destroyer escorts.
This area would then be used as a further staging point to attack Honshu in Operation Coronet. Olympic was also to include a deception plan, known as Operation Pastel.
Pastel was designed to convince the Japanese that the Joint Chiefs had rejected the notion of a direct invasion and instead were going to attempt to encircle and bombard Japan. This would require capturing bases in Formosaalong the Chinese coast, and in the Yellow Sea area. These were responsible for attacking Japanese airfields and transportation arteries on Kyushu and Southern Honshu e.
The Twentieth Air Force was to have continued its role as the main Allied strategic bomber force used against the Japanese home islands, operating from airfields in the Mariana Islands.
Following the end of the war in Europe in Mayplans were also made to transfer some of the heavy bomber groups of the veteran Eighth Air Force to airbases on Okinawa to conduct strategic bombing raids in coordination with the Twentieth.
MiyazakiAriakeand Kushikino. The 35 landing beaches were all named for automobiles: In earlyMiyazaki was virtually undefended, while Ariake, with its nearby goods harbor, was heavily defended.
The invasion was not intended to conquer the entire island, just the southernmost third of it, as indicated by the dashed line on the map labeled "general limit of northern advance".How to fine-tune the internal monologue that scores every aspect of our lives, from leadership to love.
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The operation had two parts: Operation Olympic and Operation Coronet. Set to begin in November