Stanislav Grof[ edit ] Stanislav Grof has researched the effects of psychedelic substances,  which can also be induced by nonpharmacological means. Maternal womb; symbiotic unity of the fetus with the maternal organism; lack of boundaries and obstructions; BPM II:
Definition[ edit ] Lajoie and Shapiro  reviewed forty definitions of transpersonal psychology that had appeared in academic literature over the period from to They found that five key themes in particular featured prominently in these definitions: Based upon this study the authors proposed the following definition of transpersonal psychology: Transpersonal Psychology is concerned with the study of humanity's highest potential, and with the recognition, understanding, and realization of unitive, spiritual, and transcendent states of Transpersonal psychology.
In a review of previous definitions Walsh and Vaughan  suggested that transpersonal psychology is an area of psychology that focuses on the study of transpersonal experiences and related phenomena.
These phenomena include the causes, effects and correlates of transpersonal experiences and development, as well as the disciplines and practices inspired by them.
They have also criticised many definitions of transpersonal psychology for carrying implicit assumptions, or presuppositions, that may not necessarily define the field as a whole.
Note a Hartelius, Caplan and Rardin  conducted a retrospective analysis of definitions of transpersonal psychology. They found three dominant themes that define the field: Analysis suggested Transpersonal psychology the field has moved from an early emphasis on alternative states of consciousness to a more expanded view of human wholeness and transformation.
This development has, according to the authors, moved the field closer to the integral approaches of Ken Wilber and Post-Aurobindonian theorists. Although transpersonal psychology is relatively new as a formal discipline, beginning with the publication of The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology in and the founding of the Association for Transpersonal Psychology init draws upon ancient mystical knowledge that comes from multiple traditions.
Transpersonal psychologists attempt to integrate timeless wisdom with modern Western psychology and translate spiritual principles into scientifically grounded, contemporary language. The meaning then, different from today's usage, was in the context of James' radical empiricismin which there exists an intimate relation between a perceiving subject and a perceived object, recognizing that all objects are dependent on being perceived by someone.
Another important figure in the establishment of transpersonal psychology was Abraham Maslowwho had already published work regarding human peak experiences. Maslow is credited for having presented the outline of a fourth-force psychology, named transhumanistic psychology, in a lecture entitled "The Farther Reaches of Human Nature" in Early use of the term "transpersonal" can also be credited to Stanislav Grof and Anthony Sutich.
At this time, in —68, Maslow was also in close dialogue with Grof and Sutich regarding the name and orientation of the new field. Both humanistic and transpersonal psychology have been associated with the Human Potential Movement.
A growth center for alternative therapies and philosophies that grew out of the counter-culture of the s at places like EsalenCalifornia. The Association for Transpersonal Psychology was established in Mainly in the form of a synthesis of diverse disciplines.
Another important contributor to the field, Michael Washburn, was drawing on the insights of Jungian depth psychology. The s were also characterized by the work of Stanislav and Christina Grof, and their concept of spiritual emergence and spiritual emergencies.
In the early s a group within APA division 32 Humanistic Psychology argued in favor of establishing transpersonal psychology as a separate division within the framework of the American Psychological Association.
A petition was presented to the APA Council inbut was turned down. A new initiative was made inbut it failed to win the majority of votes in the council.
In the petition was presented for a third and final time, but was withdrawn by the executive board of Division Turner and Francis Lu.As one of the lesser-known branches in the dynamic and diverse field of psychology, transpersonal psychology is not often explored within conventional undergraduate and graduate psychology degree programs due to its nontraditional approach to studying the mind and behavior.
The Association for Transpersonal Psychology (ATP) is a membership supported international coordinating organization for scientific, social, and clinical transpersonal work that serves the .
Was looking for the history channel documentary, it was not this one. Still watched it but it was pretty boring as the documentary consist of people after people talking about some thing called transpersonal psychology.
Existential-Humanistic psychology, through the development of higher self-esteem in an individual, helps to make social contributions to the community and society that they live in.
Improving one's self-esteem can be achieved with the help of others (existential therapies, transpersonal psychology, positive psychology, or interpersonal psychodynamic therapy or by self reflection (mindfulness.
Transpersonal psychology uses positive influences, rather than the diseased human psyche and our defenses, as a model for the realization of human potential.
Saints, artists, prophets and heroes. Transpersonal psychology is a sub-field or "school" of psychology that integrates the spiritual and transcendent aspects of the human experience with the framework of modern psychology. It is also possible to define it as a "spiritual psychology". The transpersonal is defined as "experiences in which the sense of identity or self extends beyond (trans) the individual or personal to encompass.